|POPE SAINT PIUS X|
Pope Saint Pius X
It was Pope Saint Pius X who first introduced the concept of full and active participation. Here we see his intention, so clearly consistent with Catholic belief. But, in the wake of the Second Vatican Council, the phrase - in Latin "participatio actuosa"( that is in spirit,heart and mind) was perverted by the false "spirit of the Council "folk and used as if it had been "participatio activa"( that is of the body) so now we have all manner of layfolk rushing around the Sanctuary in all manner of "ministries". It will take some time to get them back where they belong - on their knees.